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Category Archive : Eating Disorder

selective eating disorder

Selective Eating Disorder

Have you encountered someone who only eats a certain food? You may immediately jump to the conclusion that they are simply fussy eaters and dismiss them casually. However, this condition called Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (AFRID) may well be associated, in some cases, to Autism and Anxiety disorder. At the rhinoplastyperthcost page you can read more about anxiety disorder and its treatment options.

Many of us have heard of Anorexia or Bulimia, and possibly Binge Eating Disorder. However, there are many disorders that fall below the diagnostic threshold for Anorexia and Bulimia. These are known as Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). Previously this was known as Selective eating disorder (SED). People with ARFID will only eat foods that they find acceptable. This may be based on perceived safety, taste, texture, color, or a memory of some previous bad experience connected with the food.

Although people with ARFID may exclude a whole range of food types, they usually maintain a typical bodyweight. If encouraged to eat foods in the group connected with their ARFID, they may become distressed.

What are the causes of ARFID?    

Often there is some sort of Trauma at the root of the condition. They may have choked on a particular food in the past or have seen something that made them see the food as dangerous.

Distressing events in childhood, such as parents divorcing or a house move may trigger a mechanism where selective eating is associated with taking back control.   

Treatment of ARFID  

Adults     

ARFID symptoms can, in some cases gradually reduce and disappear without intervention. However, most cases will be treated by Cognitive Behavior Therapy. There are also ARFID support groups.

Children

selective eating disorder

Children may undergo a program based on Systematic Desensitization. The four-stage program are 

  1. Record: Children keep a log of eating behaviors
  2. Reward: Children make a list of foods they might like to try someday. 
  3. Relax: Children learn to reduce anxiety and relax. 
  4. Review: It is important to review any progress that is made.
anorexia weight loss

What is anorexia weight loss?

Anorexia is an extreme loss of body weight due to an exhausting diet on the basis of a mental disorder. The term “anorexia nervosa” first appeared in the scientific literature in 1988, although the roots of this eating disorder go back to early Middle Ages. In those distant times, the culture of asceticism was living in the minds of the people.  

But the epidemic level was reached by anorexia just at the beginning of the XXI century when people keeping diets and obsessed with the idea of weight loss. Being afraid to become thick again, they cannot stop. This extreme loss of weight could affect your facial features and other parts of your body which can result to complete physical exhaustion.

How does the disease develop? 

Anorexia weight loss doesn’t happen suddenly. This disorder most often lasts for months or even years. Usually, it starts with an unlimited desire to lose some extra pounds, but the danger of the disease is that patients are always unhappy looking at the result.

How to recognize a disease? 

The anorexia has the following signs: 

anorexia weight loss
  • A slim girl is always dissatisfied with her look; she spends a lot of time in front of a mirror and constantly insists that she is fat; 
  • During strict diets, she dramatically loses weight, but does not stop there, continuing to torment herself with fasting; 
  • She is trying to feed a dog with her lunch, hides food, and then throws it away or imperceptibly transfers it to other people’s plates; 
  • The constant use of laxatives, the use of enemas; frequent vomiting should also alert; 
  • The amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), which occurs due to a sharp decrease in weight. 

Treatment 

Treatment of patients with anorexia weight loss begins with their urgent hospitalization. After visual inspection of the patient in a hospital, doctors first of all try to return the patient’s normal weight. For this, therapeutic nutrition is prescribed. It helps to increase calorie food content. At the same time, it is extremely important for a person with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, to be surrounded by the love and care of native people, without which, the treatment won’t be effective.